Find out about: Tax rates and codes
A sole trader is a person trading on their own. They control, manage and own the business.
How does being a sole trader work?
A sole trader usually has no formal or legal processes to set up the business. The owner/manager is personally entitled to all profits, but is also personally liable for all business taxes and debts.
What are "drawings"?
If you are a sole trader you're probably not paying yourself a wage, but simply taking money from the business when you need it for personal use. These takings are called drawings. They are:
- a part of your profit and taxed accordingly
- not a deductible business expense when calculating your profit.
Record your drawings in your cashbook so that you can reconcile your cashbook with your bank statements, ensuring that there is enough money in the business to cover any bills owing.
What are the tax rates for sole traders?
A sole trader is taxed at the individual tax rates.
|less all deductible expenses||$108,500|
|Net profit (taxable income)||$68,500|
To work out the tax to pay on $68,500 go to the individual tax rates.
How to calculate your tax liability
You can use the Tax on annual income calculator under Work it out > to calculate your tax liability.
Independent earner tax credit (IETC)
From 1 April 2009 eligible tax payers earning between $24,000 and $48,000 will be entitled to the IETC which will lower the amount of tax to pay. Find out more information on the IETC.
Other pages in: Tax rates and codes
- When to use secondary tax codes and special tax codes
- Find out about tax codes
- When companies make losses
- Partnerships and look-through companies (LTCs)
- Previous years' income tax rates and ACC earners' levy rates
- Income tax rates for individuals and ACC earners' levy rates
- Trusts and trustees
- Non-profit organisations
Date published: 24 Mar 2009