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Taxable income for the relevant tax year used to assess your child support.
A process that considers whether a determination can be made to depart from some or all of the provisions relating to a formula assessment if certain grounds for departure are satisfied. This is a free service we provide.
A formula set out in the Child Support Act 1991 to calculate the amount of child support payable.
Qualifying children of a parent who share the same other parent, and for who they have been/are being assessed for child support.
A process used to determine whether the formula assessed amount accurately reflects the ability of a parent to provide financial support for their children. The first step of this process is an investigation by us into the parent's income, earning capacity, property and financial resources.
A child in a parent's care and for who the parent doesn't pay or receive child support for.
A dependent child must be:
An amount deducted from a parents income to recognise the costs of their dependent children.
When you want to use the income you expect to earn for the current year in the formula assessment, rather than your income from a previous year.
Stopping a child support or domestic maintenance liability while a person is a long-term prison inmate, hospital patient, or under 16 years of age. Certain conditions must be met to qualify.
Stopping child support liability for victims of sexual offences in certain circumstances.
Certain criteria must be met to qualify.
A process where a receiving carer can ask for a liable parent's exemption to be looked at and possibly overturned.
The calculation we use to work out a person's formula assessment.
A parent of a qualifying child who is normally required to pay child support.
A set amount deducted from a parent's income for their own living costs to recognise that they need to financially support themselves.
An amount deducted from a parent's income to recognise the costs of the children the parent has in other child support groups.
The purpose of the multi-group cap is to ensure liable parents don't pay more in child support than they would pay if all the children they are liable for were living together.
A person who is caring for a child they are not the legal parent of. They are entitled to receive child support if they care for the child for 35% or more of the time.
A child who isn't:
A letter sent to the liable parent showing who they're paying child support for and how much they have to pay.
A letter sent to the receiving carer showing who they receive child support for and how much they can expect to receive each year.
When you advise us in writing that you disagree with a decision or an assessment we've made.
Having a permanent place of residence in New Zealand, or living in New Zealand, for over 183 days in any 12 months.
For child support purposes a person who:
An agreement between parents or carers that records a child's care arrangements.
A non-parent carer who doesn't receive a sole parent or unsupported child's benefit from Work and Income can choose not to receive child support payments from one of the parents.
An agreement about the financial support for the child (or children) made between the parents or carers without involving us.
The 60% of net earnings (after tax) that a person must be allowed to keep from their pay after child support has been deducted.
A child who is:
A parent or non-parent carer of a qualifying child, normally entitled to receive child support from a liable parent. They must have at least 35% care to receive child support.
The amount of care a parent provides their child that is taken into account in the formula assessment (must be for at least 28% of the time).
This is one of the following benefits from Work and Income:
When you've estimated your income this is the process for working out how much child support should have been paid based on the parent's actual income for the period they estimated for (the election period).
An agreement to pay child support or domestic maintenance where both parties agree on the amount to be paid. It's registered with us and we collect and pay out the child support or domestic maintenance.
If you're moving to Australia, you need to tell us as it will affect your child support.
New Zealand and Australia have a reciprocal agreement for child support. This agreement sets out which country administers and which country collects child support when the liable parent lives in one country and the carer and children live in the other.
As soon as we receive written advice that a receiving carer is living in Australia with the child (or children), we will stop the New Zealand child support from the day we received this written advice.
If a receiving carer moves to Australia on 1 January and we receive written advice on 15 January, the New Zealand child support will stop on 15 January.
The receiving carer can then apply for child support in Australia. If the application is accepted the liable parent is assessed by the Department of Human Services (the DHS) in Australia.
We will continue to assess child support in New Zealand. The liable parent will need to make arrangements to pay their child support to us from Australia and tell us their Australian income each year.
The New Zealand formula will take into account whether they also pay child support for any other child (or children) in Australia or New Zealand.
If you pay child support for children living in both Australia and New Zealand you need to tell us. We will take the other children you pay child support for into account when assessing your New Zealand child support and this is shown in the multi-group allowance.
If the liable parent stops paying child support we'll continue to try and collect it, even if they move to Australia.
We match information with New Zealand Customs so we're notified when liable parents with child support debt travel in to and out of New Zealand. We can take legal action to stop certain liable parents leaving New Zealand if necessary.
Liable parents in debt must contact us to make sure their child support obligations are up-to-date.
If the liable parent in Australia doesn't pay we can refer their debt and current assessment amount to the DHS in Australia for collection as we have a reciprocal agreement with them for the enforcement of child support.
Once a case is referred we have no influence over the way child support is collected. It can take time for payments to be established and passed on to us before we can pay this to the receiving carer.
If carers want to find out about the progress of their case they should contact us. We can only ask the DHS for an enforcement update every three months.
The Child Support Act 1991 states that child support may be sought from anyone who is:
If you care for a child and live in New Zealand we will assess the child support when a parent lives in Australia, even if that person isn't a New Zealand citizen. We'll work out the amount of child support using a formula. We include any Australian income of the parent living in Australia.
If you're looking after a child you're not the legal parent of, normally you must apply for child support from both parents. If one or both parents live in Australia or New Zealand, you must still apply from both parents.